Picanol air jet loom

The way the warp and filling threads interlace with each other is called the weave. The majority of woven products are created with one of three basic weaves: plain weave , satin weave , or twill . Woven cloth can be plain (in one colour or a simple pattern), or can be woven in decorative or artistic design.

In general, weaving involves using a loom to interlace two sets of threads at right angles to each other: the warp which runs longitudinally and the weft (older woof ) that crosses it. One warp thread is called an end and one weft thread is called a pick . The warp threads are held taut and in parallel to each other, typically in a loom. There are many types of looms. [3]

The warp is divided into two overlapping groups, or lines (most often adjacent threads belonging to the opposite group) that run in two planes, one above another, so the shuttle can be passed between them in a straight motion. Then, the upper group is lowered by the loom mechanism, and the lower group is raised (shedding), allowing to pass the shuttle in the opposite direction, also in a straight motion. Repeating these actions form a fabric mesh but without beating-up, the final distance between the adjacent wefts would be irregular and far too large.

직물은 평행하게 배열된 여러 가닥의 실에 직각 방향으로 배열된 다른 실을 조합시킨 평면상의 것을 직물이라 부르고, 직물을 제직할 때 직기위에 먼저 나란히 배열한 사를 경사라 하고, 이것에 직각으로 교차하는 사를 위사라고 한다.

경사와 위사가 서로 나란히 엮어져 이루어진 것을 말하며 기초조직 또는 원조직 (Foundation weave), 변화조직 또는 유도조직 (Derivative weave), 특수조직 (Special weave), 이중조직 (Double cloth weave) 등으로 나눌 수 있다.

보통직물로 된 바탕조직(Ground weave)에 경사나 위사가 직물 표면에 파일이나 루프를 형성시킨 직물을 말한다. 종류에는 타월(Towel)과 같이 코 (Loop)가 있는 것과 융단 (Carpet), 우단 (Velveteen) 등과 같이 파일을 이룬 것들이 있다.

A loom is a device used to weave cloth and tapestry. The basic purpose of any loom is to hold the warp threads under tension to facilitate the interweaving of the ...

Loyal has 460 Air jet looms with a total production capacity of 2,25,000 meters of grey woven fabric per day with a dyeing capacity of 40,000 meters per day width of ...

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